Condemnation of child labour is universally approved in the Western world. But should we reject it in all cases? Or restrict our opposition to the excesses, to the exploitation of children? India and Bolivia differ in more than the forms of child labour. The views of those who defend the rights of the child diverge strongly in the two countries. In India activists plead for a ban on all child labour. In Bolivia they argue only for the abolition of exploitation: reasonable work, in combination with education, enables children to improve their situation. In Out of Play we see and hear working children, their parents and the defenders of their rights. Their very different stories and outlook reveal the nature of the cultures they live in as well as that of the people involved. The film puts the viewer in a position to envisage a future without child labour.