Article 61

    Madeh 61

    • Mahvash Sheikholeslami
    • Iran
    • 2005
    • 73 min
    • Reflecting Images
    Fakhteh escaped from the man who had held her captive for two weeks, but the man did not survive the blow she dealt him. Article 61 of the Islamic criminal code states: "If, whilst defending one's life, honour, chastity, property or freedom against any immediate or imminent aggression, one makes an action which is an offence […] one will not be prosecuted and punished." In the Iranian courts, this rule is applicable, but is not always applied. In Article 61, we get acquainted with a number of women who, to protect themselves or their children, committed a murder. Despite the fact that none of them wittingly killed her attacker, these women were sentenced quid pro quo by the court - an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. Candidly, the women tell about their lives and the tragic events that landed them in jail. The lack of legal aid and the impossibility of further appeal put them in a dead-end situation. Once in a while, a letter from a desperate daughter or interference by an international human rights organisation manages to postpone an execution or have a woman released. But these are exceptions. The Evin Prison in Tehran buzzes with stories of women vainly hoping for protection by virtue of Article 61.


    • 73 min
    • color
    • video
    • Spoken languages: Farsi
    Mahvash Sheikholeslami
    Mahvash Sheikholeslami
    Nahid Siamdoust, Mohsen Nazari, Keivan Motamedi
    Namdar Shirazi, Mahvash Sheikholeslami
    Farzad Kamfar

    IDFA history

    Reflecting Images

    Browse the collection

    11/117 results

    Share this film

    Print this page

    IDFA history

    This website uses cookies.

    By using cookies we can measure how our site is used, how it can be further improved and to personalize the content of online advertisements.

     here everything about our cookie policy. If you choose to decline, we only place functional and analytical cookies